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After the doctorate

In Paris Descartes university, several possibilities are offered to you after a doctorate.

Post-doctoral degrees

After earning a doctoral degree (eight years of university education following high school), a post-doctorate allows students to step into the professional world while also completing the ultimate level of university education. Only students with a doctorate  or a foreign diploma of an equivalent level may enroll in this degree program.

In France, a post-doctoral degree takes anywhere from six months to three years. A post-doctoral student is considered a fully fledged researcher. By conducting experiments, publishing articles, hosting seminars, and participating in conferences, he or she takes full part in the activities of the research laboratory.

The university recruits post-doctoral researchers as temporary teaching and research attachés (TTRA). TTRAs can conduct their research while teaching for around 200 hours per year. These hours include lectures, group work, and practicum work.

TTRA job offers are regularly posted on our website :

You can also view post-doctoral offers published on the websites of public research organizations such as CNRS, Inserm, IRD, etc. as well as on the Campus France doctoral portal under the post-doctoral offers section.

Recruiting researching professors

For all disciplines, the process for becoming a university associate professor or full professor involves two stages:

  • Qualifying for the role of an associate professor and/or a full professor.
  • Completing the competitive recruitment exam offered at every university to pre-qualified candidates.
  • You can enroll for the qualification and recruitment process on the Galaxie website: qualification and recruitment candidate portal

The dates for the qualification and recruitment procedures are published every year on Galaxie.  Positions may become available throughout the year. To keep up with the latest announcements, sign up for the special information letter.

To become a university professor in the fields of law, politics, economics, or business, applicants must pass the employment exam as well as an additional civil service competitive exam. For more information, visit the Civil Service Exam section on the French Ministry’s website.

Authorization to supervise research

Authorization to supervise research (ASR), or ADT (Authorization to Supervise a Thesis), is the highest level of qualification issued by a university. This national university teaching diploma can be obtained upon completion of a doctoral degree.

Authorization to supervise research is a national diploma that must be earned in order to qualify for a full professorship position at a university. In the disciplines of law, economics, business, and political science, this qualification can be obtained through the civil service competitive exam for professorship positions. The ASR also allows candidates to serve as a thesis director or referee.

Contact :

DRIVE Pôle Institut de Formation Doctorale – Service HDR
12 rue de l’Ecole de Médecine 75006 Paris
Email : hdr[at]

Who can be authorized to supervise research?

Candidates must have one of the following:

  • A doctorate
  • Proof of a degree, research, or experience that is equivalent to a doctorate.
How to apply?

The university has created two ASR Assessment Commissions (ASR-AC) that are in charge of evaluating ASR applications: The ASR-STH Commission (Sciences, Techniques, and Health) and the ASR-HSS (Human and Social Science and Legal, Economic, and Business Science) Commission.  After the commissions examine the application, the Research Commission grants its approval, and the university president signs off on the decision, the applicant will be called in for a panel interview.

Applications must be submitted at least 15 days before the date of the ASR-AC. They will be examined by the first ASR-AC. During this process, individuals who are authorized to supervise research, including at least two who are not from the university or USPC, will be asked to issue an opinion in the form of a written and substantiated report (article 5 of the French decree of November 23, 1988). The application and requested expert reports will be evaluated by the second ASR-AC, which will also issue an opinion. The decision of the ASR-AC will then be transferred to a sub-committee of the University Research Commission.

After the university president issues his or her approval for the ASR panel interview to take place, the administrative enrollment process must be completed at the ASR Department at least one month prior to the date of the panel interview and before April 15. This enrollment will allow the applicant to complete the panel interview between September 1 and June 30. After this deadline, the applicant must enroll after July.

The applicant will receive instructions about the panel interview process, including the authorization form for an ASR panel interview. This form allows the applicant to submit the names of the panel who will conduct the interview, pending approval from the ASR-AC and the university president. Once completed, this document, along with a list of the panel members (mailing address, email, and telephone number), must be submitted by the applicant to the ASR Department at least two months before the panel interview is scheduled to take place. It is the applicant’s responsibility to send his or her scientific dossier to all jury members and reserve a room. The university does not cover the transportation and lodging costs of the ASR jury members. The ASR Department will summon the jury, send the minutes of the interview to the jury president, and request the publication of the applicant’s diploma.

More information about assembling a dossier and application dates

Contact: Université Paris Descartes – DRIVE Pôle Institut de Formation Doctorale – Service HDR 12 rue de l’Ecole de Médecine – 75006 Paris

Email: hdr[at]

For international researchers

Applicants must submit their ASR panel interview manuscripts in French unless a foreign jury member is not able to evaluate the applicant’s work in French. In this case, the applicant’s dissertation and interview may be in English as long as a substantial dissertation summary in French is also submitted. By extension, as long as the aforementioned conditions are fulfilled, the dissertation and interview may be in a language other than French. This option is available for all disciplines. However, the length of the French-language summary must be proportional to the length of the dissertation, which varies depending on the applicant’s discipline.

Young international researchers who have been selected for a competitive national or international call for bids to create a research unit (AVENIR TEAM, ATIP, ERC, etc.) are asked to include this information when submitting a manuscript for ASR approval.